Issue 1 (189)/2022

COMBINING ABILITY OF WATERLOGGING TOLERANCE IN WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.)

By: Serap SIMSEK, Aydin UNAY

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

The mean performance and combining abilities of cross combinations derived from a complete diallel mating and their parents were evaluated under waterlogging conditions. Analysis of variance for combining abilities indicated significant GCA (general combining ability) and SCA (specific combining ability) for single spike yield, SPAD (soil plant analysis development) and leaf area; GCA for NDVI (normalised differences vegetation index) and SCA for Fe and Mn contents in roots and membrane thermal stability. The parents Stendal, Beşköprü and Pamukova 97 were the best combiners in terms of waterlogging tolerance, while Beşköprü × Pamukova 97, Pamukova 97 × Beşköprü, Stendal × Pamukova 97, Stendal × Beşköprü and Beşköprü × Hanlı were identified as the best cross combinations, with high positive specific combining ability effects for most waterlogging related characters.

Keywords:

Fe and Mn content, flooding, heritability, NDVI, SPAD.

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CITE

ALSE and ACS Style
Simsek, S.; Unay, A. Combining ability of waterlogging tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 2022, 55 (1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-22189(1)41

AMA Style
Simsek S, Unay A. Combining ability of waterlogging tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment. 2022; 55 (1): 1-10. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-22189(1)41

Chicago/Turabian Style
Simsek, Serap, and Aydin Unay. 2022. “Combining ability of waterlogging tolerance in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)” Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 55, no. 1: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-22189(1)41

STUDIES ON SOME STILL WINES OBTAINED BY THE BLANC DE NOIRS METHOD

By: Dragoș Florin GROSARU, Camelia Elena LUCHIAN, Elena Cristina SCUTARASU, Lucia Cintia COLIBABA, Cătălin Ioan ZAMFIR and Valeriu V. COTEA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

Consumer interest in innovative wines has increased in recent years in Romania, in correlation with the development of the wine sector. Nowadays, the winemaking technique proposed by Dom Perignon (blanc de noirs) with applicability to sparkling wines is increasingly used to obtain still wines. This research aimed to identify the most suitable technology for obtaining white wines from Fetească neagră and Busuioacă de Bohotin grapes. The resulting wines were analysed from physical-chemical and chromatic points of view, and their sensory properties and volatile compounds content were also registered. The obtained samples had characteristics usually found in wines obtained from white grape varieties. Although frequently used in the production of base wine for sparkling wines, this technique can give original results in obtaining still wines as well. The use of activated carbon has led to the production of wines with a higher commercial value (improved colour characteristics). Given that red wines are significantly less consumed compared to white ones, this technique allows the use of black grape varieties and the production of innovative white wines.

Keywords:

blanc de noirs; Busuioacă de Bohotin; Fetească neagră; winemaking.

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CITE

ALSE and ACS Style
Grosaru, D.F.; Luchian, C.E.; Scutarasu, E.C.; Colibaba, L.C.; Zamfir, C.I.; Cotea, V.V. Studies on some still wines obtained by the blanc de noirs method. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 2022, 55(1), 11-19. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551042

AMA Style
Grosaru DF, Luchian CE, Scutarasu EC, Colibaba LC, Zamfir CI, Cotea VV. Studies on some still wines obtained by the blanc de noirs method. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment. 2022; 55(1): 11-19. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551042

Chicago/Turabian Style
Grosaru, Dragoș Florin, Camelia Elena Luchian, Elena Cristina Scutarasu, Lucia Cintia Colibaba, Cătălin Ioan Zamfir, and Valeriu V. Cotea. 2022. “Studies on some still wines obtained by the blanc de noirs method” Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 55, no. 1: 11-19. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551042

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE BEHAVIOUR OF ANTIRRHINUM MAJUS SPECIES CULTIVATED IN FIELDS AND IN VERTICAL SYSTEMS FOR GREEN FAÇADES UNDER THE CLIMATE CONDITIONS IN THE NORTH-EASTERN REGION OF ROMANIA

By: Mirela COJOCARIU, Elena Liliana CHELARIU, Ciprian CHIRUŢĂ, Petronica AMIŞCULESEI and Andromeda Cristina SONEA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

A highly popular and well-known flowering species for the unmistakable shape of its velvety and beautifully coloured flowers, Antirrhinum majus is often used in garden decor due to its long flowering period, ease of cultivation and low maintenance during the growing season. This study aims to investigate the behaviour of a dwarf variety of the Antirrhinum majus species grown in both vertical systems for green façades and also in a control field under the climate conditions in the north-eastern region of Romania. The façades of the vertical structure were been oriented towards a cardinal point, each of them having four equal layers arranged on height. The study found that this dwarf variety adapts very well to vertical systems, maintaining its ornamental features for a long time. During the experiment, observations included the diameter, height and number of flowers per plant in the control variant and on each side of the experimental structure.
The highest values in July and August for plant diameter, plant height and the number of flowers were shown for the western facade and the lowest for the control variant. Instead, the control variant in September held the first position showing the highest means for all three monitored parameters and the lowest were for the southern orientation.

Keywords:

Antirrhinum majus; annual décor; green façades; urban design.

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CITE

ALSE and ACS Style
Cojocariu, M.; Chelariu, E.L.; Chiruţă, C.; Amişculesei, P.; Sonea, A.C. A comparative study of the behaviour of Antirrhinum majus species cultivated in fields and in vertical systems for green façades under the climate conditions in the north-eastern region of Romania. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 2022, 55(1), 20-30. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551043

AMA Style
Cojocariu M, Chelariu EL, Chiruţă C, Amişculesei P, Sonea AC. A comparative study of the behaviour of Antirrhinum majus species cultivated in fields and in vertical systems for green façades under the climate conditions in the north-eastern region of Romania. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment. 2022; 55(1): 20-30. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551043

Chicago/Turabian Style
Cojocariu, Mirela, Elena Liliana Chelariu, Ciprian Chiruţă, Petronica Amişculesei, and Andromeda Cristina Sonea. 2022. “A comparative study of the behaviour of Antirrhinum majus species cultivated in fields and in vertical systems for green façades under the climate conditions in the north-eastern region of Romania” Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 55, no. 1: 20-30. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551043

POTENTIAL VALORISATION OF PROTOBIND 1000 AS ADSORBENT FOR Pb2+ AND Zn2+

By: Alina Elena TROFIN, Elena UNGUREANU, Lucia Carmen TRINCĂ, Maria Emiliana FORTUNĂ and Diana Beatrice EPERJESSY

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

The adsorption of metal ions from increasing concentrations in aqueous solutions by modified straw lignin Protobind 1000 was studied. The effect of metallic ion concentrations (from 20.72 to 207.2 mg·L-1 for Pb2+ and from 6.538 to 65.38 mg·L-1 for Zn2+) and contact time (30, 60 and 90 minutes) were studied at pH = 6 and 200C. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm equations were applied to assess equilibrium data and the kinetics of the adsorption processes were analysed using Lagergren pseudo first order and Ho&McKay pseudo second order models. The results show that the adsorption processes reached equilibrium after 90 minutes, but similar values were registered after 60 minutes. The Freundlich isotherm described the process better, denoting chemisorption with the formation of ion-lignin complex structures. The Ho&McKay model fit the adsorption data better with regression coefficients equal to 1 compared to the Lagergren model, where the regression factors varied between 0.72 and 0.95. For the maximum concentration of lead solution and the longest adsorption time of 90 minutes, the Ho&McKay model predicted an equilibrium capacity qe of 13.1406 mg·g-1 compared to the 13.1398 mg·g-1 obtained. For zinc adsorption, the same maximum concentration and time were considered, and the pseudo-second order model predicted a qe of 12.6743 mg·g-1 compared to the obtained value of 12.6714 mg·g-1.
The uptake of lead was greater on 0.15 g of adsorbent (a maximum of 27.23 mg·g-1) than the zinc uptake (a maximum of 8.28 mg·g-1), for all analysed concentrations.

Keywords:

adsorption, Protobind 1000 (PB 1000), lead, zinc.

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CITE

ALSE and ACS Style
Trofin, A.E.; Ungureanu, E.; Trincă, L.C.; Fortună, M.E.; Eperjessy, D.B. Potential valorisation of Protobind 1000 as adsorbent for Pb2+ and Zn2+. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 2022, 55(1), 31-44. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551044

AMA Style
Trofin AE, Ungureanu E, Trincă LC, Fortună ME, Eperjessy DB. Potential valorisation of Protobind 1000 as adsorbent for Pb2+ and Zn2+. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment. 2022; 55(1): 31-44. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551044

Chicago/Turabian Style
Trofin, Alina, Elena, Elena Ungureanu, Lucia Carmen Trincă, Maria Emiliana Fortună, and Diana Beatrice Eperjessy. 2022. “Potential valorisation of Protobind 1000 as adsorbent for Pb2+ and Zn2+Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 55, no. 1: 31-44. https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551044

EVALUATION OF QUALITY PARAMETERS IN COTTON PRODUCTION (Gossypium hirsutum L.) UNDER WATER STRESS CONDITIONS

By: Özlem AVŞAR and Emine KARADEMİR

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

Decreasing water availability for cotton production has compelled researchers to engage in studies about rising water use efficiency by improving water management. The impacts of different irrigation levels on the fibre qualities of drip-irrigated cotton were evaluated in Diyarbakır, Southeast Anatolia Region of Turkiye. Three cotton varieties, ‘Stoneville 468’ (ST 468), ‘FiberMax 832’ (FM 832), and ‘Kartanesi’, and three levels of irrigation were tested in 2017 and 2018. Treatments were I 50 (50% water stress), I 75 (25% water stress), and the fully irrigated treatment I 100, which was obtained from Class-A pan evaporation. According to the two-year results of the study, water stress caused a decline in fineness, length, strength, elongation, uniformity ratio, and spinning consistency index (SCI) values of fibre, while fibre yellowness and short fibre ratio values increased. Fibre brightness was not affected by water stress. There were significant differences among varieties concerning quality parameters. FM 832 has come to the fore with regard to fibre fineness, length, strength, uniformity, yellowness, reflectance, and spinning consistency index.

Keywords:

Cotton; water stress; fibre quality.

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CITE

ALSE and ACS Style
Avşar, O.; Karademir, E. Evaluation of quality parameters in cotton production (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under water stress conditions. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 2022, 55(1), 45-61.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551045

AMA Style
Avşar O, Karademir E. Evaluation of quality parameters in cotton production (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under water stress conditions. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment. 2022; 55(1): 45-61.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551045

Chicago/Turabian Style
Avşar, Özlem, and Emine Karademir. 2022. “Evaluation of quality parameters in cotton production (Gossypium hirsutum L.) under water stress conditions” Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 55, no. 1: 45-61.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551045

VINE VARIETIES FOR WHITE WINES IN THE CLIMATE CONTEXT OF THE ODOBESTI VINEYARD, ROMANIA

By: Ionica BOSOI, Liliana ROTARU, Marioara PUȘCALĂU and Cintia COLIBABA

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

Odobeşti Vineyard is one of the most famous and oldest Romanian vineyards, with a focus on white wines. To improve the existing assortment of varieties over time at the Research and Development Station for Viticulture and Vinification, Odobesti (RDSVV, Odobești), four vine varieties were obtained and approved: ʹŞarbaʹ (1972), ʹBăbească griʹ (1975), ʹMioriţaʹ (1980) and ʹVranceaʹ (2018), with superior quality and productive potential and a high capacity to capitalise on the edaphoclimatic conditions specific to this viticultual area. This study presents the behaviour of these varieties of vines in the climatic conditions of the Odobesti Vineyard in the period 2017–2021. The following parameters were studied and determined: the phenological spectrum of the vine, fertility and productivity (% fertile shoots, fertility coefficients, productivity indices), quantity and quality of grape production (grapes/vine, average bunch weight, grape production/vine, sugar content, total acidity and glucoacidimetric index). The data obtained were compared with the ʹSauvignon Blancʹ variety, which is widely grown in this area. The evolution of the vegetation phenophases was conditioned by the climatic factors during the study period. There was a tendency to shorten them due to the increase in air temperature values. The variety ʹVranceaʹ presented a high fertility potential (89.5% fertile shoots), the varieties ʹBăbească griʹ and ʹMiorițaʹ showed a higher productive potential than the control variety ʹSauvignon Blancʹ (6.06–6.12 kg/vine), and the variety ʹȘarbaʹ recorded the highest accumulations in sugars (230.5 g/L). In the climatic context of the Odobești Vineyard, the white wine varieties ʹȘarbaʹ, ʹBăbeasca griʹ, ʹMiorițaʹ and ʹVranceaʹ have demonstrated a valuable agrobiological and technological potential, comparable to that of the ʹSauvignon Blancʹ variety.

Keywords:

climatic conditions; fertility; vineyard; productivity; wine grapevine varieties.

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CITE

ALSE and ACS Style
Bosoi, I.; Rotaru, L.; Pușcalău, M.; Colibaba, C. Vine varieties for white wines in the climate context of the Odobesti Vineyard, Romania. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 2022, 55(1), 62-74.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551046

AMA Style
Bosoi I, Rotaru L, Pușcalău M, Colibaba C. Vine varieties for white wines in the climate context of the Odobesti Vineyard, Romania. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment. 2022; 55(1): 62-74.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551046

Chicago/Turabian Style
Bosoi, Ionica, Liliana Rotaru, Marioara Pușcalău, and Cintia Colibaba. 2022. “Vine varieties for white wines in the climate context of the Odobesti vineyard, Romania” Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 55, no. 1: 62-74.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551046

PHYSICO-MECHANICAL PROPERTIES INVESTIGATION OF HEMPCRETE

By: Laurențiu ADAM and Dorina-Nicolina ISOPESCU

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Abstract

ABSTRACT

Food, energy and construction are the three main domains in which different uses of industrial hemp confirm the role and importance that agriculture has in human life. In the current context with an increased need for energy efficiency and environmental protection, the attention of scientists is directed towards the identification of ecological construction materials, and a sustainable way of life, where the circular economy must become part of people’s living habits. The objective of the research was to analyze the thermo-mechanical properties of hempcrete. The goal is to determine a point of reference for future studies that will aim to adapt the agreed compositions to the particularities of the raw material obtained locally. Measurements were determined through laboratory tests, performed on specimens obtained using, for the base material, the woody part of industrial hemp, and for the binder, a mixture consisting of hydrated lime and Portland cement. The results place the construction materials made from hemp vegetable waste in the group of heat-insulating products characterized by low specific weight and thermal transfer coefficients, according with conventional insulating materials, with values between those of polyurethane foam and autoclaved cellular concrete.

Keywords:

eco hempcrete; natural composite materials; circular economy; vegetable waste.

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CITE

ALSE and ACS Style
Adam, L.; Isopescu, D.-N. Physico-mechanical properties investigation of hempcrete. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 2022, 55(1), 75-84.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551047

AMA Style
Adam L, Isopescu D-N. Physico-mechanical properties investigation of hempcrete. Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment. 2022; 55(1): 75-84.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551047

Chicago/Turabian Style
Adam, Laurențiu, and Dorina-Nicolina Isopescu. 2022. “Physico-mechanical properties investigation of hempcrete” Journal of Applied Life Sciences and Environment 55, no. 1: 75-84.
https://doi.org/10.46909/alse-551047